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    Regina Bittner

    Schools of inovation: Bauhaus and Shantiniketan / 05.08.2016 18:15
    Location: Künstlerhaus
    Venue: Hellbrunner Straße 3, 5020 Salzburg
    Language: English

    The 1922 Bauhaus exhibition in Calcutta was a transcultural encounter of artistic and intellectual affinities. Here, the post-War western Modern Movement, in search  of intellectual and artistic renewal, came together with Indian artists striving for cultural emancipation in latecolonial India. The artists whose work was exhibited at the Indian Society of Oriental Art in Calcutta operated within a transnational network of progressive schools: as “schools of innovation”, the state Bauhaus school in Weimar and the Shantiniketan World University shared the desire for educational reforms, which had been emerging worldwide from a critical view of civilisation and culture since the beginning of the 20th century. The idea was not merely a reform of the existing education system, but a new, comprehensive definition of the relation between education and culture, individual and society. The concepts for reform were wide-ranging; their common base was the idea that the purpose of education was to liberate human creativi and to restore the lost relation between manual skills and the acquisition of knowledge. New school models emerged, with emphasis on community spirit, and – with the general radical change in life orientation – also propagating a different conception of mankind.


    Regina Bittner, cultural theorist and curator, head and deputy director of the Bauhaus Kolleg. Key research areas: international urban ethnography, cultural and architectural history of modernism and migration, heritage studies. Recent publications: Auf Reserve. Haushalten! ed. with Elke Krasny, Leipzig 2016, Das Bauhaus in Kalkutta. ed. with Kathrin Rhomberg, Ostfildern 2013.

    Biography: Regina Bittner